There are two types of employees in sun
Metals, general graduates and engineers. 40% of the employees in Sun Metals are
general graduates, and 75% engineers earn more than Rs 5 lakh/year. If 50% of
of the organization’s employees earn more than Rs 5 lakh/year what proportion of
the general graduates employed by the organization earn Rs 5 lakh or less?

A. 3/5

B. 3/4

C. 1/2

D. 2/5

E. None of the above

**For answer click on "Read more" below:**
Solution:

40% of the employees are general graduates
=> 60% of the employees are engineers

Better way out is working out with
proportions instead of percentages.

(Note that 40% = 40/100 = 2/5, 60% =
40/100 = 3/5, 75% = 75/100 = ¾)

Proportion of general graduates = 2/5

Proportion of engineers = 3/5

75% engineers earn more than Rs 5
lakh/year

=> Proportion of engineers earning more
than Rs 5 lakh/year =3/4 * 3/5 = 9/20

50% of of the organization’s employees
earn more than Rs 5 lakh/year

=> Proportion of general graduates earning
more than Rs 5 lakh/year = (1/2) - (9/20) = (10/20) – (9/20) = 1/20

=> Proportion of general graduates earning
Rs 5 lakh/year or less = (2/5) - (1/20) = (8/20) – (1/20) = 7/20

This proportion is with reference to all employees
in the organization.

The proportion w.r.t the general graduates
only = (7/20)/(2/5) = (7/20) * (5/2) = 7/8

**Answer (E)**
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