How many differently shaped triangles exist in which no two sides are of the same length, each side is of integral unit length and the perimeter of the triangle is less than 14 units?
A.3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6 E. None of these
Solution follows here:
Let the lengths of the sides be a,b,c. Given that perimeter < 14 => a+b+c < 14 ---(1)
From triangle Inequality theorem, c < a+b => 2c < a+b+c
=> From (1), 2c < a+b+c < 14 => c < 7 => By similarity, we can say that length of any side must be less than 7.
Keeping triangle inequality theorem, going by trial and error technique, we can find the following possibilities:
2,3,4; 2,4,5; 2,5,6; 3,4,5; 3,4,6;
=> Total five possibilities.Answer (C)